The process involved in producing this distinctive cloth is very time consuming. It begins by washing hand spun cotton strips. The cotton is then dyed in a bath of leaves and bark, giving it a yellow colour. Special fermented mud is then applied in the desired pattern. Once dried, it is washed off and applied again. A chemical reaction between the mud and dye takes place, turning the cloth a rich black colour with each application.
To create the white mud cloth, a special soda is used as a natural bleach, and applied to the areas where mud was not applied.